The process of printing, including the production of stationary products is conventionally divided into three basic phases: printing preparation works, offset process and binding works. Even if a product is to undergo only one of those three processes mentioned above, the work involves execution of many actions.
The phase of printing preparation works must include all the technological assumptions, like editing, printing and binding. Very often, it is this very phase that is of the crucial importance for the success of the whole production project.
After preparation of the graphics of the product (publication), we prepare special photo plates, later on used to prepare print matrices which are called offset plates.
During the offset process, with appliance of printing ink, an image from the offset plate is transferred onto the offset rubber and then onto the paper.
Binding process is the final phase of the production. Binding includes taking up many actions, which are to be done manually and automatically with appliance of various machines. Only appliance of a wide range of special machines and tools enables performance of binding process. Starting from cutting paper, folding, sewing and preparation of soft, semi-hard and hard covers through refining the product by applying film or gilding.